The Republic of Indonesia is the largest archipelago country in the world located in Southeast Asia. Crossing the equator between the continents of Asia and Australia and between the Pacific Ocean and Indian Ocean. Indonesia is bordered by Malaysia to the north of the island of Borneo, with Papua New Guinea to the east of the island of Papua and with East Timor to the north of the island of Timor.
Flora & Fauna
Indonesia has more than 18,000 islands (around 6000 uninhabited) which spread around the equator, providing tropical weather. The most populous island of its population is Java, where half the Indonesian population lives. Indonesia consists of 5 large islands, namely: Java, Sumatra, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, and Papua.
|Country Name||Republic of Indonesia|
|Capital City||Jakarta (Population: 10,6 Million as of 2019)|
|Size||5.120 Km (3,181 mi) From East to West and 1.760 Km (1,094 mi) From North to South|
|National Flag||Red and White Flag ( Sang Saka Merah Putih)|
|Language||Indonesian language ( Bahasa Indonesia )|
|Control Dialling Code||+ 62|
|National Flower||Melati Putih (Jasmine )|
|Population||269 Million ( 2019 )|
|Time Zone||GMT + 7 Hours ( Indonesian Standard Time IST)|
Indonesia lies between latitudes 11°S and 6°N, and longitudes 95°E and 141°E. It is the largest archipelagic country in the world, extending 5,120 km (3,181 mi) from east to west and 1,760 km (1,094 mi) from north to south. According to the country's Coordinating Ministry for Maritime Affairs, Indonesia has 17,504 islands (16,056 of which are registered at the UN), scattered over both sides of the equator, around 6,000 of which are inhabited. The largest are Java, Sumatra, Borneo (shared with Brunei and Malaysia), Sulawesi, and New Guinea (shared with Papua New Guinea). Indonesia shares land borders with Malaysia on Borneo, Papua New Guinea on the island of New Guinea, and East Timor on the island of Timor, and maritime borders with Singapore, Malaysia, Vietnam, the Philippines, Palau, and Australia.
Sang Saka Merah Putih: The Flag of Indonesia is a simple bicolour with two equal horizontal bands, red (top) and white (bottom) with the red symbolizes courage and white symbolizes purity. It was introduced and hoisted in public during the Proclamation of Indonesian Independence on 17 August 1945 in Pegangsaan Timur 56 in Jakarta, and again when the Dutch formally transferred sovereignty on 27 December 1949. The design of the flag has remained unchanged since.
Melati Putih: National interest is interest that can represent the characteristics of a nation and state. Indonesia itself has three national interest determined by Presidential Decree Number 4/1993. Species of interest that are determined as national interest in this decision are: White jasmine (Jasminum sambac) as the nation's puspa, the moon orchid (Phalaenopsis amabilis) as the charm of the charm and the giant lotus flower (Rafflesia arnoldi) as the rare puspa.
Indonesia Raya: Indonesia Raya is the national anthem of Indonesia, has been the national anthem since the proclamation of Indonesian independence on 17 August 1945. The song was introduced by its composer, Wage Rudolf Soepratman, on 28 October 1928 since Indonesian Youth Congress second in Batavia. The song marked the birth of the all-archipelago nationalist movement in Indonesia that supported the idea of one single "Indonesia" as successor to the Dutch East Indies, rather than split into several colonies. The first newspaper to openly publish the musical notation and lyrics of "Indonesia Raya" an act of defiance towards the Dutch authorities. The first stanza of Indonesia Raya was chosen as the national anthem when.
Population of Indonesia
Based on the 2015-2045 population projection from the 2015 Inter Population Survey (SUPAS), Indonesia's population will reach 269.6 million by 2020. The figure consists of 135.34 million men and 134.27 women. A total of 66.07 million people fall into the category of unproductive age (0-4 years), then 185.34 million are productive age groups (15-64 years), and 18.2 million are residents of unproductive age (65+ years). Currently, Indonesia is entering the era of demographic bonus, namely the number of productive age population is more than the non-productive age (not productive age + not productive age).
[Data credit: Indonesian Statistical Center (www.bps.go.id )